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Heart & Vascular Institute

Cardiac Catheterization



Cardiac Catheterization > Interventional Procedures

Interventional Procedures


Interventional procedures are used to correct problems in your heart that are discovered during a diagnostic procedure.
 

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)

When a blockage is found in one or more of your coronary arteries, your doctor has several options for fixing the blockage(s). Most blockages can be fixed using one or more of the following methods. However, in some instances, your doctor may refer you to our highly regarded team of cardiac surgeons, LG Healthy Physicians Cardiothoracic Surgery.
 

Balloon Angioplasty (PTCA)

During balloon angioplasty, a tiny balloon on the tip of a catheter is advanced into your coronary artery and across the blockage. The balloon is then inflated, compressing the blockage against the artery wall.
 

Coronary Stent Implantation

A coronary stent is a small metal tube, much like the spring in a pen, which is mounted on an angioplasty balloon. The stent and balloon are advanced across a blockage. Once in position, the balloon is inflated, implanting the stent into the wall of the artery. Stents act as a scaffolding to hold the artery open. Most of the stents we use are coated with a drug that helps prevent scar tissue from forming inside the stent.
 

Rotational Atherectomy (PTRA)

When a blockage is very hard, due to calcium buildup on the inside of the artery, a diamond-tipped drill is used to reduce the blockage.
 

Thrombectomy

When a coronary artery contains clot, several devices can be used to remove this clot and restore blood flow to your heart.
 

Coronary Ultrasound

If X-ray pictures are not enough to diagnose a problem in your arteries, an ultrasound catheter can be advanced to obtain images from inside your artery.
 

Septal Defect

There may be options available, at the discretion of your cardiologist, which could be used to fix holes in the septum of your heart.
 

Vena Cava Filter

This is a metal filter that is placed in a major vein returning to your heart to prevent blood clots from entering your lungs. In time, any clots that are trapped in the filter simply dissolve.
 

Peripheral Interventions

When a blockage is found in one or more of the blood vessels feeding your legs, your doctor has several options for fixing the blockage(s). Much like fixing blockages of the heart vessels, your doctor can use angioplasty balloons, stents, thrombectomy, and laser to open blockages in the blood vessels in your legs.
 

Renal Artery Stenting

If renal artery stenosis is found to be the cause of your high blood pressure, your doctor might choose to place a stent in the renal artery.  A renal stent is a small metal tube, much like the spring in a pen, which is mounted on an angioplasty balloon. The stent and balloon are advanced across a blockage. Once in position, the balloon is inflated.



 
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