From the Clinical Documentation Team
Pulmonary Cachexia: The most common criteria for Pulmonary Cachexia shows a weight loss of 5 to 10 percent of initial body weight, weight less than 90 percent of ideal body weight (IBW), or weight loss exceeding 5 percent in past three to 12 months.
- In patients with Pulmonary Cachexia Syndrome, proper attention to diet, weight maintenance and diligent use of oxygen therapy if indicated can only help strengthen the muscles of breathing to work more efficiently, with the end result being less fatigue and more importantly, less shortness of breath.
- Pulmonary Cachexia is associated with a 50 percent reduction in median survival rates.
Cardiac Cachexia: It is noted to be a severe, complex, multifactorial condition associated with chronic heart failure that can occur independent of age, ventricular function or functional classification. Presence of the syndrome predicts increased morbidity and mortality related to weight loss and systemic inflammation.
- One of the most clinically relevant features is skeletal muscle loss, as it determines physical capacity and symptomatic severity of heart failure.
- The burden of cachexia on patients and the health-care system is immense, as cachexia significantly prolongs hospitalization duration and leads to significantly higher costs per hospital stay.
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