Beat Diabetes by Stopping Prediabetes In Its Tracks

A mother is walking with her family

If your blood sugar level was slightly elevated at your last check-up, your doctor may have said you have prediabetes.

Here’s the good news: It’s not a given that you’ll eventually get the disease. Making lifestyle changes now can prevent an eventual diagnosis of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes On The Rise

With diagnoses of type 2 diabetes surging in the United States over the past 10 years, I have this conversation in my office several times a week. The American Diabetes Association estimates 86 million Americans are prediabetic. Studies suggest up to 11% of them graduate to a diagnosis of diabetes each year.

Fortunately, we know how to delay or prevent diabetes from developing.

Strategies To Fight Prediabetes: Lose To Gain

Many studies have looked at the benefits of diet, exercise, and medication in preventing diabetes. While medications such as metformin can be used to treat prediabetes, they don’t fix the long term problem—they only seem to DELAY progression to diabetes for a few years.

The only way to truly prevent an eventual diagnosis of diabetes—in which your body is no longer using sugar properly—is to change your lifestyle. In fact, losing 5-10% of your body weight will drastically cut your risk of diabetes by double the amount of medication alone.

And don’t forget the power of regular exercise. One study showed a daily walking program lowered average blood sugars, even if the patients did not lose weight.

How To Prevent Prediabetes From Becoming Diabetes

  • Change your diet in a way that leads to a sustainable lifestyle change. The Diabetes and Nutrition Center at Penn Medicine Lancaster General Health has an excellent class designed specifically for people with prediabetes to help them get started and set realistic goals. Since insurances typically do not pay for this service, it’s offered at a significantly reduced rate.
  • Get 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week. Start slow, five or 10 minutes daily, and work your way up. Walking, swimming, bicycling are also good choices to get you moving.
  • Talk to your doctor about whether a trial of a medication such as metformin is right for you.
  • Follow up regularly with your doctor to monitor your progress and watch for other health problems related to prediabetes.

Find Out Your Risk

If you’re age 45 or older, you should be screened for prediabetes. If you’re younger, you should be screened if you:

  • Have a family history of diabetes
  • Have a history of diabetes during pregnancy
  • Don’t exercise regularly
  • Are overweight
  • Have high cholesterol or high blood pressure
  • Are African American or Hispanic descent 

Screening for prediabetes involves a fasting blood test to see how your body is using sugar. If you’re diagnosed with prediabetes, your doctor should follow your blood sugar yearly to check that it hasn’t progressed to diabetes.

You can estimate your personal risk of developing diabetes with this Diabetes Risk Assessment

 
author name

James M. Kelly, MD

James M. Kelly, MD is a family physician who practices at LG Health Physicians Family Medicine Lincoln in Ephrata, Pa.

Education: He is a graduate of Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University and completed his residency at Lancaster General Hospital. He specializes in diabetes care and is a member of the American Diabetes Association.

Call: 717-738-0660

About LG Health Hub

The LG Health Hub features breaking medical news and straightforward advice to help individuals of all ages make healthy choices and reach their wellness goals. The blog puts articles by trusted Lancaster General Health clinical experts, good 'n healthy recipes, videos, patient stories, and health risk assessments at your fingertips.

 

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