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If you are younger than 40 and have no known risk factors for glaucoma, the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) recommends that you have a complete eye exam every 5 to 10 years. This includes tests that check for glaucoma. footnote 1The AAO suggests more frequent routine eye exams as you age.
The AAO also suggests that people who are at risk for glaucoma have complete eye exams according to the schedule below:
Your eye doctor may advise you to have eye exams more often, depending on your level of risk and your overall eye health.
People at increased risk for glaucoma include those who:footnote 2
Because people with glaucoma may have normal pressures in their eyes, measuring eye pressure (tonometry) should not be used as the only test for glaucoma. It needs to be combined with other tests before glaucoma can be diagnosed.
After reviewing all of the research, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has not recommended for or against routine glaucoma screening for all adults.footnote 3
For more information about glaucoma and vision screening, see the topics Glaucoma and Vision Tests.
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2010). Comprehensive Adult Medical Eye Evaluation (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. Available online: http://one.aao.org/CE/PracticeGuidelines/PPP_Content.aspx?cid=64e9df91-dd10-4317-8142-6a87eee7f517.
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2010). Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Suspect (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Also available online: http://aao.org/ppp.
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2013). Screening for glaucoma. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsglau.htm. Accessed November 26, 2013.
Other Works Consulted
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2010). Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. Also available online: http://aao.org/ppp.
Current as of:
August 31, 2020
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: Adam Husney MD - Family MedicineChristopher J. Rudnisky MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
Current as of: August 31, 2020
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Christopher J. Rudnisky MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
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